In an effort to bring you some new voices on Ottsworld, here is a guest post from a fellow hiker, Becki Rupp. I met her in Denver at the Travel and Adventure show. Not only is she a travel lover, she’s also a trainer focusing on health coaching for active experiences. I asked if she could share a training plan for long distance hiking and she eagerly agreed! I love all of her advice which is great for hiking or any kind of active travel! All opinions and experiences expressed here are hers. –Sherry
As I flesh out my “60 by 60” list, it’s loaded with destinations and activities. Many are longer hikes and treks than I typically do in the mountains that are literally in my backyard in central Colorado.
Does your version of the Bucket List include at least one multi-day hike or trek? Maybe the Camino de Santiago – that’s on mine, tentatively planned for 2021. Or the Inca Trail – I completed the “Classic” 4-day version in 2013 with my husband . Or do you dream about hiking the West Highland Way in Scotland , the W Circuit in Patagonia, Kilimanjaro in Tanzania – the list is practically endless!
Importance of Training for Hiking
Part of what I love about travel is planning out how to get ready for the trip – how many miles I need to hike each week, what other training I should do, what to pack and carry with me based on the terrain and weather.
I’ve always been a planner and an exercise junkie. Now as a personal trainer and health coach , and as I’ve gotten older, I have an even better understanding of and respect for the importance of pre-trip training for hiking.
Most of us spend our 20s through our 50s working in an office so we can have a house and nice (if short) vacations and save for retirement. Then as we get into our 40s and 50s, we start to realize that it gets harder to do the things that we used to just go out and do in our 20s.
Go on a 5-mile hike – sure that was a bit of a challenge in my 20s after a winter break from walks in the woods. I’d be a bit tired by the end and a little sore the next day.
Now, on that first spring hike, by mile 3 or 4 my left knee will say “you’re done girl, hope you aren’t too far from the car.” I know I need to train for a big hike gradually and thoughtfully.
I’ve also gained a greater appreciation for strength training. I’d much rather be outside running or hiking on a beautiful day than in a gym with dumbbells. Yet my kinesiology education emphasized the importance of strength training as we age.
I don’t want to be frail and fearful of falling. I want to stay strong and travel and live independently as long as possible.
Sound familiar? If so and you want to get ready for a Bucket List hiking trip, here’s how to get started training and gain momentum toward your hiking goal.
Getting Re-Started Hiking
Let’s say it’s been a minute since your last hike – or maybe you haven’t really hiked before. It’s still totally doable to gear up for a long trek if you have the time and the motivation.
If the hike you want to do is more than 2 days and more than 20 miles total, and you’re not currently exercising regularly, you should start to get in shape for hiking at least 3 months before the trip.
The key is to start small and slow, then increase your activity gradually. If you’ve been less mobile because of an illness or injury, check with your doctor or physical therapist before doing more than you’re used to. Ask how far you should walk or hike to start, and other health considerations.
Look for short hikes in your area, and add about 5-10% to the distance or time as you get more comfortable. You can use a pedometer app like Pacer Pedometer or StepsApp on your phone or a fitness tracker/watch to gauge the distance.
How to Find Training Hikes in your Area
To find nearby trails, check out sites like AllTrails and apps like Hiking Project. They show detailed information about trails, and include reviews from people who have hiked them. You can also check with your local parks and recreation department. Or stop by a store that sells outdoor clothing and gear, and ask one of the employees.
What to Bring on Your Training Hikes
Even when you’re going a short distance training hike, get in the habit of bringing a backpack with at least a bottle of water and some snacks. Also bring a map – paper and/or electronic (phone apps like Google Maps, Gaia, or Maps.me show trails) – to get used to how trails look in 2D compared with how they look while you’re walking.
Also consider using trekking poles, especially if you’ve had a knee injury. I’ve used trekking poles since my mid-20s. It all started with an event called the Dogwood Half-Hundred, which was a 50-kilometer hike (32 miles) in Virginia’s Shenandoah mountains.
Don’t Leave Without This Essential Hiking Gear
I’ve hiked all around the world and have found some key gear that I take on every hike for every kind of weather. From backpacks to socks, check out my list of the best hiking gear out there!
Although I’d done a lot of hiking to train for it, my left knee has never been the same since. For a month afterwards I had knee pain anytime I walked down stairs or downhill. I remember thinking, “wait, I need to use my knees for at least 50 more years!”
My doctor recommended some exercises to build the muscles that support the knee joint – which I should have done beforehand. She also suggested using trekking poles. My parents got me a pair for Christmas that year, and I’ve been using them ever since.
Things to Include in Your Hiking Training Plan
Building Leg Muscles For Hiking
As you do more hiking, your large leg muscles – quadriceps, hamstrings and calves – will get stronger. That said, doing specific strength building exercises with your legs will help you be more stable and less tired on longer hikes.
One effective exercise that builds leg muscles is step ups, which are exactly what they sound like, simply stepping up on stairs or a bench. You can start with a single step and alternate legs. Then use a longer staircase to go up and down – actually, the down is as important as the up.
Also step up sideways – that strengthens the muscles that will help you be more stable on uneven terrain when you’re hiking.
If you don’t take stairs much currently, here’s a good starting point:
• 20 steps up and down on each leg
• 10 side steps up on each leg
• At least two times per week
• Add 5 steps up and down, and 2 side steps on each leg, each week
Once you’re comfortable doing 50 or so step ups or stairs with each leg, get your backpack, put some weight in it, and climb stairs wearing it.
Then take the steps two at a time – up, down and side stepping – to get ready for the steep sections and rocks you’ll likely encounter on hiking trails.
Strengthening Your Core for Hiking
A strong core is key to happy hiking! As you hike, you’ll be twisting, leaning, and using the muscles in your abs and back to keep you upright. And when you’re wearing a backpack – even if it’s fairly light and comfortable – you’re adding weight that increases the torque on your core as you move.
Core strength will help keep you stable when you’re on uneven terrain – it compensates for your feet and legs being in unusual positions, and your upper body’s instinctive responses to stay upright.
No need for six pack abs though – you just need the muscles from your hips to your chest to be strong and flexible in every direction.
An effective exercise to build core strength is by holding a plank position for an increasing amount of time.
You can start by doing a plank against a wall, then on the floor with your knees on the ground, and work your way up to being on forearms and toes. Keep your abdominal muscles tight and tailbone tucked, don’t let your lower back arch.
Hold the plank with good form for as long as you can – aim for 30 seconds to start – then add a few more seconds each time to get to 1 minute. Plank once a day – or more!
Strengthening your oblique muscles, which run along the sides of your lower torso, is important too. This will help as you bend and twist when you’re hiking on uneven ground, and also as you’re putting on and taking off a backpack.
One simple exercise is side twists. Sit in a chair and hold a weight in front of you with your upper arms at your sides and elbows bent at 45 degrees. Turn your torso at your waist as if you were going to pass the weight to someone next to you, then turn back to the middle, and then turn to the other side.
- Plank for 30-60 seconds, at least once a day
- Side twists – start with 10 per side once a day, add 2-5 more per side per week
Don’t Forget Your Upper Body Training
While your legs and core will get stronger as you do more walking, your upper body needs special attention. Your chest, back and shoulders will be holding the additional weight of your backpack, and you’ll use your biceps and triceps to lift the pack.
If you use trekking poles, which I highly recommend, a stronger upper body will help you use them to take pressure off your hips and knees.
One of the most efficient exercises for building upper body strength is good old-fashioned pushups. Similar to plank, you can start with doing them against the wall. Then move to the floor with your knees on the ground and do as many as you can. As you get stronger, lift one knee and then both knees so you’re on your hands and toes.
You can also use your backpack to strengthen your arms and back. Put in a few soup cans to start. Bend your knees, keep your chest up and grab the top of the shoulder straps. As you stand, lift the pack up in front of you to about chest height, then lower it back down to the ground.
You should have enough weight in the backpack that your arms get tired after 10-12 lifts. If you are comfortable lifting it 15 times, add 2-3 more cans the next time. Keep adding more weight until you get to the point where your arms are tired after 10 lifts.
Upper body Hiking workout:
- Pushups – 10-15 every other day
- Pack lifts – 10-15 every other day
Check out Becki’s YouTube channel with other ideas of using stuff around your house to exercise!
Improving Balance and Flexibility for Hiking
As you build your endurance and strength for hiking, also dedicate time to work on balance and flexibility.
Better balance reduces your risk of injury while hiking. When you practice balance regularly in your “normal” conditions, you’ll be better equipped to deal with uneven terrain and unexpected movements, like a rock shifting under your shoe.
Balance exercises help you build the smaller muscles and tendons that surround and stabilize your larger muscles and joints. If I’d done more balance exercises before that 50k hike, my knee joint may not have gotten so irritated and damaged.
A simple way to improve balance is to stand on one foot on various surfaces – carpet, concrete, grass, dirt, gravel, rocks. Also do this on a hill – facing uphill and downhill. Aim for 30 seconds per leg to start, and work up to 60 seconds. Notice which foot or side feels more stable. Then put on your pack and do it.
Add time to your balance routine gradually. Spend extra time practicing balance on your weaker side.
Finally, don’t forget about flexibility. When you’re more flexible, it’s easier to reach that awkward step or hand hold as you navigate more challenging terrain. And you’re less likely to strain your muscles doing those moves.
Yoga and Pilates help with both flexibility and balance, plus many of the common moves in these practices strengthen and tone muscles. Find a studio with qualified instructors, especially if you’re new to these practices.
Sample 6 Week Training Plan for Hiking
One of the basic principles for training is to add more effort gradually – about 10-20% additional per week. For hiking, additional effort can mean more miles and/or steeper hills. For strength training, additional effort can be a combination of more repetitions or time, and additional weight used.
Here’s the first 6-weeks of a plan for a person who is generally healthy, though not exercising regularly, who wants to complete a 3-day, 20-mile hut-to-hut hike carrying a day pack with moderate elevation changes (no more than 1,000 feet per day) in 3 months:
Strategies For Your Hiking Training Plan
If training for hiking sounds like a lot to add into your already busy life, find creative strategies for multi-tasking.
- Stand on one foot while you’re brushing your teeth.
- Hold a plank while you’re watching your favorite show or reading a book.
- Take the stairs instead of the elevator at the office or while doing errands.
- Take your dog for an extra-long walk. If you don’t have a dog, walk a neighbor’s pup.
- If you’re struggling with confidence, tap into some mindset strategies.
- Reflect on challenges that you’ve conquered in the past. What helped you do them?
- Are you good at following a structured plan? If so, set up a plan and plug it into your calendar.
- Are you more likely to exercise if you’re with a friend or when someone else schedules the activity? Then recruit a friend or find a group in your area to get out with for a hike.
- Use visualization too – imagine yourself climbing the hills, the amazing views you’ll see, how strong you’ll feel.
And remember to take it one step at a time – literally and figuratively.
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Meet the Author:
Becki Rupp is the owner of Trailblazer Wellness, which exists to help people get more physically active, so they have the strength and stamina to enjoy the experiences they’ve dreamed of having. Visit Trailblazerwellness.com to learn more, check out the Trailblazer Wellness Facebook page or contact Becki at firstname.lastname@example.org.
© 2020, Trailblazer Wellness, LLC.
Content created by Becki Rupp and Trailblazer Wellness, LLC, is for informational purposes only and may not be the best fit for you and your personal situation. Information included in these posts shall not be construed as medical advice. The information and education provided here is not intended or implied to supplement or replace professional medical treatment, advice, and/or diagnosis. Always check with your own physician or medical professional before trying or implementing any information read in our blog posts.